报告题目：Safety and Security for the Process Industry—From
process safety to external interferences (Domino effects,
Natech events, Security)
报 告 人：意大利博洛尼亚大学Ernesto Salzano教授
Ernesto Salzano is Associate Professor of Chemical Plant Design at the University of Bologna from 2015. Main research activities are related to the experimental and numerical analysis of deflagrative and detonative combustion phenomena (including fires and explosions), process safety, runaway reactions, and to the analysis of risks of critical infrastructures derived from external events, as natural disasters (Natural-Technological Interaction), domino effects and terrorist attacks. From 1995 to 2015 he has been a permanent researcher at the Italian National Research, Institute of Research on Combustion, where he has been in charge of the explosion laboratory.
The chemical industry provides most of the necessities for our modern day lives. The use and, storage, processing, and transportation of hazardous substances are also characterized with increasing trend. As a result, ever more chemical plants are being built around the world, mostly settled together in integrated industrial parks or in so-called chemical clusters. The concentration of activities within chemical clusters may result in accidents having a simultaneous impact on several plant units, resulting in loss of life, environmental contamination, and in the disruption of community life by the interruption of lifelines and fuel supplies. Among the most destructive major accidents are those where a “domino effect” take place, and these accidents pose a great threat to urban public safety.
In this presentation, safety and security for the process industry will be introduced. Then the domino effects and Na-Tech events in the process industries will be discussed in detail. Finally, the future prospect and some research hotspots about the security in the process industries will be discussed with the audience.